Titan II Operations
Titan II used a four person missile combat crew made up of two officers and two enlisted members. Combat crews were under the Deputy Commander for Operations (called the DO), The Titan II existed during SAC’s tri-deputate system, with the DO overseeing the same functions as today’s operations group commander, under the wing commander.
The Missile Combat Crew Members
Missilee Combat Crew Commander - the senior member of the crew, ranging in rank from lieutenantto lieutenant colonel, depending on the time frame, The MCCC was in charge all activity at the complex during alert. The MCCC and DMCCC were responsible for reacting to command and control messages and taking required emergency war order actions , inlcuding missile launch.
Deputy Missile Combat Crew Commander - a lieutenant or captain who assisted the MCCC. The DMCCC also monitored the communications equipment in the complex.
Ballistic Missile Analyst Technician - an enlisted member of the crew, ranging in rank from junior airman to senior noncommissioned officer, responsible for monitoring and reporting status of the missile and related equipment.
Missile Facilities Techinician - an enlisted member of the crew, ranging in rank from junior airman to senior noncommissioned officer, responsible for monitoring and reporting status of the missile complex, including power, environmental and other support systems.
Alert Duty - Combat crews typically perfomed 7 to 8 24 hour alert tours per month, with evaluator and instructor crews perfoming fewer due to evaluation and traiing duties. An alert tour started early in the morning with a predeparture briefing at the missile wing for all 18 of the crews scheduled for alert that day. This briefing covered current wing and missile complex status, weather, intelligence and any other information relevant to the period of the alert tour. Each crew then drove to the missile complex to replace the crew that was on duty. They stopped for food or supplies as required before departing the base. After security processing, they entered the complex and perfomed a formal changeover briefing with the outgoing crew. The crew then accomplished the daiily site verification for the complex, and spent the remainder of the tour reactng to real and exercise command control messages, doing routine status checks and minor maintenance and rested in shifts. At least two crew members were required to be in the launch control center at all times, with at least one officer present.
The Crew Force - Each wing had eight crews assigned to the evaluaiton division, 12 to 15 to the training division and approximately 50 assigned to each of the two operations squadrons. Some evaluation and training crews were assigned to the wing staff agencies and others to the squadrons. The Titan II crew force was all male until the late 1970s, when females first became membes of the missile crew force.