Matador and Mace
Matador (TM-61, MGM-1) - Tactical cruise missile with a range of 600 miles. Guided by dual guidance system that combined radar line-of-sight guidance by a ground-based controller with “Shanicle”, a hyperbolic grid system similar to LORAN. Powered by J-33 jet engine, the same used in the T-33 jet trainer. Built by the Martin Company. Carried on a road-capable mobile launcher, and was launched with a solid propellant booster. The missile cruised at up to 650 miles per hour to the target. First launch took place 20 January 1949.
Mace (TM-76, CGM-13) - Follow-on to the Matador, first launched in 1959, and replaced the earlier missiles. Powered by the same J-33 jet engine and launched using a solid rocket booster. Mace A had a range of 650 miles and featured a new guidance system called Automatic Terrain Radar and Navigator (ATRAN], a map matching system. Used same road-capable mobile launcher as the Matador. Mace B increased range, up to 1,200 miles, and was stored in hardened underground launch sites.
Operations and Maintenance
Matador, 1 Launch Officer, 1 Crew Chief, and technicians,2 Warhead, 1 Flight Control Systems, 1 Guidance, 2 Airframe and Engine techs and 1 Booster Rocket.
Guidance crews on remote sites, 6 to 8 technicians.
Mace, 1 Launch Officer, 1 Crew Chief, and technicians,2 Warhead, 1 control Systems, 1 guidance systems, 2 missile mechanics, 1 missile systems.
Maintenance personnel included those for guidance equipment vehicles.
Due to number of people required to support the missile, a "mobile" Matador squadron with five launch crews could grow quite cumbersome.
As a result, the squadrons were soon deployed at fixed sites and the idea of a mobile missile was abandoned.